bTrade glossary


No resource would be complete without a comprehensive glossary of terms. We’ve compiled a list of terms and their definitions to better help you navigate.


Middleware Middleware describes a group of software products that facilitate the communications between two applications or two layers of an application. It provides an API through which applications invoke services and it controls the transmission of the data exchange over networks. There are three basic types: communications middleware, database middleware and systems middleware.

Message Routing A super-application process where messages are routed to applications based on business rules. A particular message may be directed based on its subject or actual content.

Message Queuing A form of communication between programs. Application data is combined with a header (information about the data) to form a message. Messages are stored in queues, which can be buffered or persistent (see Buffered Queue and Persistent Queue). It is an asynchronous communications style and provides a loosely coupled exchange across multiple operating systems.

MOM Message-Oriented Middleware is a set of products that connects applications running on different systems by sending and receiving application data as messages. Examples are RPC, CPI-C and message queuing.

MIME Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension is an extension to the original Internet e-mail protocol that lets people exchange different kinds of data files on the Internet: audio, video, images, application programs, and other kinds, as well as the ASCII handled in the original protocol, the Simple Mail Transport Protocol (SMTP). Servers insert the MIME header at the beginning of any Web transmission. Clients use this header to select an appropriate "player" application for the type of data the header indicates. Some of these players are built into the Web client or browser (for example, all browser come with GIF and JPEG image players as well as the ability to handle HTML files); other players may need to be downloaded. New MIME data types are registered with the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority MIME as specified in detail in Internet RFC-1521 and RFC-1522.

Message Broker A key component of EAI, a message broker is a software intermediary that directs the flow of messages between applications. Message brokers provide a very flexible communications mechanism providing such services as data transformation, message routing and message warehousing, but require application intimacy to function properly. Not suitable for inter-business interactions between independent partners where security concerns may exclude message brokering as a potential solution.

Message Delivery Notification (MDN) A document, typically digitally signed, acknowledging receipt of data from the sender.

Master Data Synchronization It is the timely and 'auditable' distribution of certified standardised master data from a data source to a final data recipient of this information. The synchronisation process is well known as 'Master Data Alignment' process. The master data synchronisation process is a prerequisite to the Simple E-Business concept (Simple_EB). Successful master data synchronisation is achieved via the use of EAN/UCC coding specifications throughout the supply chain. The synchronisation process is completed when an acknowledgement is provided to a data source certifying that the data recipient has accepted the data distributed. In the master data synchronisation process, data sources and final data recipients are linked via a network of interoperable data pools and global registry. Such an interoperable network is the GCI-Global Data Synchronisation Network.

Master Data Master data is a data set describing the specifications and structures of each item and party involved in supply chain processes. Each set of data is uniquely identified by a Global Trade Item Number (GTIN) for items and a Global Location Number (GLN) for party details. Master data can be divided into neutral and relationship- dependent data. Master data is the foundation of business information systems.

Market Group In UCCnet Item Sync service, a Market Group is a list of retailers or other trading partners, that the manufacturer communicates the same product, pricing, logistical and other relevant standard or extended item data attributes.

Mapping The process of relating information in one domain to another domain. Used here in the context of relating information from an EDI format to one used within application systems.

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